Monday, April 30, 2012

Horticulture's Role in Arts and Crafts | Dyes and Pigments

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 Newberry Library
"Indian Collecting Cochineal with a Deer Tail" from Memoria sobre la naturaleza, cultivo, y beneficio de la grana 

Plant NameCommon NamePart(s) UsedColorTextile Examples
 
       
Plant Name Common Name Part(s) Used Color Textile Examples
Abutilion Indicum G. Don Country - Mallow      
Acacia Arabica Wilid Gum Tree      
Acacia catechu Cutch Heartwood brown khaki  
Acacia Moniliformis        
Acalyptha Indica Indian Acalypha      
Achras Sapota Linn Sapota      
Adhatoda Vesica Nees Adalsa      
Aerva Aspera Linn Prickly Chaff Flower      
Aerva Lanata Juss        
Ageratum Haustoriamum Linn Ageratum, Appa Grass      
Albizzia Lebbeck Benth Shiris/Piegon Tree      
Alkanna tinctoria Dyer's bugloss   Red  
Allium Cepa Linn Onion      
Alnus incana        
Aloe Vera Tourn. Ex Linn Curacoaloe      
Amaranthus Gangeticus Linn        
Ammannia Baccifera Linn        
Anacardium Occidentals Linn Cashewnut      
Andrographis Paniculata Nees        
Angelica sylvestris        
Anisomeles Ovata R. Br        
Annatto        
Anona Squamosa Linn Custurd Apple      
Areca Catechu Linn Betel Nut - Palm      
Arrabidaea chica        
Artemisia abrotanum        
Artocarpus Integrifolia, Linn Jack      
Asperula tinctoria        
Atylosia Searabaeoides, Benth        
Avicennia Officinalis, Linn White Mangrove Bean      
Bacopa Monuri        
Baloghia inophylla        
Bambusa Arundinacea Willd Bamboo      
Bassia Latifolia, Roxb Butter Tree      
Bauhinia Sp        
Bauhinia Variegata, Linn        
Beta Vulgaris Linn Garden Beet      
Bixa orellana        
Bixa Orellana Linn Annatto/Ornato red    
Blumea Lacera DC Blumia      
Bombax Malabaricum DC Red Cotton      
Borassus Flabellifera Linn Palmyra Palm      
Bougainvillaea Spectabilis Willd Glory of Gar      
Brassica Oleracea L. Cabbage      
Brassica Oleracea L. var. gongylodes Kohlrabi      
Bryophyllum Caycinum Salisb Sprout Leaf Plant      
Butea Frondosa Koen Flame of the Forest      
Caesalpinia echinata        
Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Swartz        
Caesalpinia Sappan L Sappan Wood      
Calatropis Gigantea R. Br.        
Camellia Sinensis Tea      
Carapa Obovata Bl        
Carchorus Oliforius Linn Jute        
Cassia Fistula Linn Indian Laburnum      
Cassia Sophera Linn        
Cassiatora Linn        
Cassiatora Linn        
Castilleja integra        
Casuarina Equisetifolia Forst Beef Wood      
Catechu        
Caesalpinia spp) Brazilwood sappenwood heartwood red (brazilin)  
Cejanus Indicus Spreng Pigeon Pea      
Celosia Cristata Linn Prince’s Feathers      
Centella Asiatica Urban Pennywort      
Cephalandra Indica Naud        
Ceriops Roxburghiana Arn Mangrove Goran      
Citrus Aurantium Linn Orange      
Cleodendrum Infortunatum Gaertn        
Cleome serrulata        
Cleome Viscosa Linn Wild Mustard      
Clitoria Ternatea Linn Butterfly Pea      
Cocos Mucifera Linn Coconut      
Common Tormentil        
Cosmos Bidcutata Car        
Cota tinctoria        
Cotinus coggygria        
Crotalaria Saltaria Rattle Root      
Cryptocarya alba        
Curcuma longa Turmeric      
Cynodon Dactylon Pers Bermuda Grass      
Datura Fastuosa Linn        
Datura stramonium        
Dactylopius coccus Cochineal   red  
Delonix Regia Raf Gulmohar      
Diospyros Embryopteris Pens Gaub Persimmon      
Diospyros malabarica        
Dolichos Lablab Linn Fat Bean      
Dyewoods        
Edipta Albe Hassk        
Eichornia Erassipes        
Embelica Officinalis Indian Gooseberry      
Enhydra Fluctuans Lour        
Ericameria nauseosa        
Erythrina Indica Lamk Indian Coral Tree      
Eucalyptus fibrosa Eucalyptus      
         
Eugenia Jambolana Lamk Black Plum      
Eugenia Maloceus        
Eupatorium Odoratum Linn Eupatorium      
Exocaria Agellocha Linn Blinding Tree      
Ficus Religiosa Linn Indian Fig      
Ficus tinctoria        
Filipendula ulmaria        
Frangula alnus or Rhamnus frangula Alder buckthorn bark red with fermentation, yellow  
Gardenia jasminoides        
Genista tinctoria        
Gloriosa Superba Linn Superb Lily      
Gossypium Herbaceum Linn Cotton      
Haematoxylum campechianum        
Haemodorum coccineum        
Heliotropiumindicum Linn Heliotrop      
Henna        
Hibiscus Mutabilis Linn        
Hibiscus Rosasinensis Linn Shoe Flower/Chines      
Hibiscus Sabdariffa Linn Rozella      
Impatiens Balsamina Linn Garden Balsam      
Indigo dye        
Indigofera suffruticosa Añil   Indigo Blue  
Ipomoca Aquatica Reptans Poir        
Ipomocaquamoclit Cupid's Flower      
Isatis tinctoria Woad Leaves Indigo Blue The Hunt of the Unicorn Tapestry
Ixora Coccinea. Linn        
Jatropha Gossypi Folia Linn Jatropa      
Juglans nigra Eastern black walnut Drupes brownish-black  
Justicia Gendarussa Linn        
Lagenaria Vulgaris Ser Bitter Bottle Gourd      
Lantana Camara Linn        
Lawsonia Alba Lamk Henna      
Legerstroemia Flos-reginae Retz        
Leucas Linifolia Spreng        
Lippia Geminata H. B.& K Lippia      
Luffa Aegyptiaca Mill Smooth Luffa      
Magnifera Indica Linn Mango      
Malachra Capitata Linn Cork Wood      
Malva Viscus        
Mangifera Indica Linn Mango      
Marata Arundinacea West Indian Arrow Root      
Marsilea Quabarifoliata Linn        
Melia Azadirashta Linn Margosa      
Mesua Ferrea Linn Iron Wood      
Mikania Scandens Willd German Leaves      
Mikenia Scandens Willd German Leaves      
Mimusops Elengi Linn Bullet Wood      
Moms Indica Linn now Morus alba Mulberry      
Morinda tinctoria Indian mulberry   red, chocolate or purple  
Moringa Pterigosperna Gaertn Drum Stick      
Musa Paradisiaca Plaintain Banana      
Nyctanthesarbortristis Linn Coral Jasmine      
Nymkphea Nouchalli        
Odina Wodier Roxb Indian Ash Tree      
Oscimum Bisilicus        
Paedaria Foetida Chinese Flower      
Peltophorum Ferrugineum Benth Fl. Austrail        
Phaseolus Mungo Linn Green Gram      
Phoenix Sylvestris Roxb Date Palm      
Piper Longum Linn Dried Catkins      
Polyalthia Langifolia Benth & Hook        
Polyalthia Simiarum Benth & Hook Indian Mothe      
Polygomum Barbatum Linn        
Pomegranate        
Pongamia Glabra Vent Pongam Oil Tree      
Prunus Persica Peach      
Punica Grantum Linn Anar      
Punica grantum Linn Pomegranate      
Quisqualis Indica Linn Rangoon Creeper      
Reseda luteo ladyer's rocket, dyer's weed, weld, woold, and yellow weed   Yellow The Hunt of the Unicorn Tapestry
Roccella tinctoria archil lichen   Natural Red 28 #AE0C00
Rosa Centifolia Linn Rose      
Rubia tinctoria Madder roots Red (Alizarin) The Hunt of the Unicorn Tapestry, linen in Tutankhamen’s tomb (1350 BC), wool, leather, cotton, silk
Ruellia Tuberosa Linn        
Santalum Album Linn White Sandal      
Sapindus Mukorassi Gaertn Soapnut      
Saraca Indica Linn Asoka Tree      
Scoparia Dulcis Linn Scoparia      
Semicarpus Anacardium Linn Making Nut Tree      
Shorea Robusta Gaertn Sal      
Solanum Nigrum Linn Black Night Shade      
Solanum Tuberosum Potato      
Spondias Dulcis Willd Hog Plum      
Stercularia Foetida Linn Poon Tree      
Streblus Asper Linn        
Swistenia Mehagoni Linn Mahagni      
Tagetes Patula Linn Marigold      
Tamarindus Indica Linn Tamarind      
Tectona Grandis Linn Teak      
Terminalia Arjuna Bedd Arjuna      
Terminalia Belirica Roxb Beleric Myrobolans      
Terminalia Chebula Retz Myrobolan      
Terminaliatomentosa Bedd Leather Murdah      
Thevetia Nerifoila Juss Yellow Oleander      
Tinospora Cordifolia Miers        
Trichosanthes Anguina Linn Snake Gourd      
Tridax Prucumbens Linn Tridikhya      
Trigonella Foenum-Graceum Linn Fenugreek      
Vicus cunia Ham        
Vinca Rosea Linn Periwinkle      
Vitex Negundo Linn Red Creeper      
Ziziphus Jujuba Lamk Indian Jujube      
         
         





The Hunt of the Unicorn, or the Unicorn Tapestries








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