Sunday, September 4, 2016

Wild Indigo | Baptisia


Baptisias, also known as false or wild indigos, are a group of large, long-lived perennials. They provide an extended season of interest from flowers and foliage. 

Blue wild indigo (Baptisia australis) and yellow wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria) were used to produce a blue dye by Native Americans. The True indigo (Indigofera tinctoria) produces a better quality blue dye. 

In a large expanse of the Eastern United States, the Baptisias were known to repopulate burned areas. It was an important plant for honey production. The horseflyweed, Baptisia tinctoria, are the most attractive Baptisia to honeybees.
The botanical name Baptisia originates from the Greek word bapto, meaning, to dye or to dip.


As the summer moves on, the seeds of the Baptisia form in an upright pod and add an interesting form and color to the landscape. The pods form a vivid green color and mature into a dark blue shade as the warm August summer reminds us of the coming harvest season.


Landscape design in full sun, using wild indigo in a raised mound with other perennials or groundcover. I was pleased to see Miranda Brooks, using Baptisia in Anna Wintour's, wild butterfly garden.

Baptisia Care
Baptisia CULTIVARS and design

Family
Botanical Name Common Name
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia alba White wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia albescens Spiked wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Blue false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Carolina Moonlight’ Carolina Moonlight false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Cherries Jubilee’ Cherries jubilee false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Dutch chocolate’ Dutch chocolate false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Pink Truffles’ Pink truffles false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Purple Smoke’ Purple smoke false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Midnight  ‘Prairieblues’ Midnight prairieblues false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Solar Flare  ‘Prairieblues’ Solar flare prairieblues false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Starlite ‘Prairieblues’ Midnight prairieblues false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Twilite prairieblues series Midnight prairieblues false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bicolor False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bracteata Longbract wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia calycosa Florida wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia cinerea grayhairy wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia deamii Deam's wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia fragilis see Baptisia X sulphurea
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia fulva False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia intermedia False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia lecontei False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia macilenta False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia megacarpa False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia microphylla False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia nuttalliana False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia perfoliata False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia pinetorum False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia serenae False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia simplicifolia False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia spaerocarpa False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia stricta False Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia sulphurea Sulpher wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia tinctoria Yellow wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia arachnifera Hairy false indigo





Mt. Cuba Center 



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