Sunday, September 4, 2016

Wild Indigo | Baptisia

       Baptisia Seed Pod         

Baptisias, also known as false or wild indigos, are a group of large, long-lived perennials. They provide an extended season of interest from flowers and foliage. 

Blue wild indigo (Baptisia australis) and yellow wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria) were used to produce a blue dye by Native Americans. The True indigo (Indigofera tinctoria) produces a better quality blue dye. 

In a large expanse of the Eastern United States, the Baptisias were known to repopulate burned areas. It was an important plant for honey production. The horseflyweed, Baptisia tinctoria, are the most attractive Baptisia to honeybees.
The botanical name Baptisia originates from the Greek word bapto, meaning, to dye or to dip.





As the summer moves on, the seeds of the Baptisia form in an upright pod and add an interesting form and color to the landscape. The pods form a vivid green color and mature into a dark blue shade as the warm August summer reminds us of the coming harvest season.The false indigo to the left has been passed done for four generations.




Landscape design in full sun, using wild indigo in a raised mound with other perennials or groundcover. I was pleased to see Miranda Brooks, using Baptisia in Anna Wintour's, wild butterfly garden.



























Baptisia Care
Baptisia CULTIVARS and design

Family                                        Botanical Name





Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×bicolor Greenm. & Larisey [australis × bracteata] wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×bushii Small (pro sp.) [bracteata × sphaerocarpa] wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×deamii Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×fulva Larisey [alba × perfoliata] wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×intermedia Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×microphylla Nutt. (pro sp.) [perfoliata × tinctoria] wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×pinetorum Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×serenae M.A. Curtis (pro sp.) [albescens × tinctoria] wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×stricta Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×sulphurea Engelm. (pro sp.) [alba × sphaerocarpa] wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia ×variicolor M. Kosnik, G. Diggs, P. Redshaw & B. Lipscomb [australis × sphaerocarpa] wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia alba (L.) Vent. var. alba white wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia alba (L.) Vent. var. macrophylla (Larisey) Isely largeleaf wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia albescens spiked wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia albescens Small spiked wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia arachnifera hairy false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia arachnifera Duncan cobwebby wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis blue false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Carolina Moonlight’ Carolina Moonlight false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Cherries Jubilee’ cherries jubilee false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Dutch chocolate’ Dutch chocolate false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Pink Truffles’ pink truffles false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis decadence ‘Purple Smoke’ purple smoke false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Midnight  ‘Prairieblues’ midnight prairieblues false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Solar Flare  ‘Prairieblues’ solar flare prairieblues false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Starlite ‘Prairieblues’ midnight prairieblues false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis Twilite prairieblues series midnight prairieblues false indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br. blue wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br. var. aberrans (Larisey) M. Mendenhall blue wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br. var. australis blue wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br. var. minor (Lehm.) Fernald blue wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bicolor [australis × bracteata] false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bracteata longbract wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Elliott longbract wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Elliott var. bracteata longbract wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Elliott var. glabrescens (Larisey) Isely
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Elliott var. laevicaulis (A. Gray ex Canby) Isely longbract wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Elliott var. leucophaea (Nutt.) Kartesz & Gandhi longbract wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia bushii auct. non Small  [bracteata × sphaerocarpa]
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia calycosa Florida wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia calycosa Canby Florida wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia calycosa Canby var. calycosa Florida wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia calycosa Canby var. villosa Canby Florida wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia cinerea grayhairy wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia cinerea (Raf.) Fernald & B.G. Schub. grayhairy wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia cuneata
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia deamii Deam's wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia elliptica Small
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia elliptica Small var. tomentosa Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia fragilis see Baptisia X sulphurea
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia fragilis Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia fulva  [alba × perfoliata] false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia gibbesii Small
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia hirsuta Small
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia intercalata Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia intermedia false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia lactea (Raf.) Thieret
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia lactea (Raf.) Thieret var. obovata (Larisey) Isely
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia laevicaulis (A. Gray ex Canby) Small
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia lanceolata (Walter) Elliott gopherweed
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia lanceolata (Walter) Elliott var. lanceolata gopherweed
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia lanceolata (Walter) Elliott var. tomentosa (Larisey) Isely tomentose gopherweed
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia lecontei false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia lecontei Torr. & A. Gray pineland wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia leucantha Torr. & A. Gray
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia leucantha Torr. & A. Gray var. divaricata Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia leucantha Torr. & A. Gray var. pauciflora Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia leucophaea Nutt.
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia leucophaea Nutt. var. glabrescens Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia leucophaea Nutt. var. laevicaulis A. Gray ex Canby
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia macilenta false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia macilenta Small ex Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia megacarpa false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia megacarpa Chapm. ex Torr. & A. Gray Apalachicola wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia microphylla [perfoliata × tinctoria] false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia minor Lehm.
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia minor Lehm. var. aberrans Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia nuttalliana false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia nuttalliana Small Nuttall's wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia pendula Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia pendula Larisey var. macrophylla Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia pendula Larisey var. obovata Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia perfoliata false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia perfoliata (L.) R. Br. catbells
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia pinetorum false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia psammophila Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia riparia Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia riparia Larisey var. minima Larisey
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia serenae [albescens × tinctoria] false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia simplicifolia false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia simplicifolia Croom scareweed
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia spaerocarpa false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia sphaerocarpa Nutt. yellow wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia stricta false Indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia sulphurea [alba × sphaerocarpa] sulpher wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia texana Buckley
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia tinctoria yellow wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. horseflyweed
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. var. crebra Fernald
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. var. projecta Fernald
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia Vent. wild indigo
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia vespertina Small ex Rydb.
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia villosa auct. non (Walter) Nutt.
Fabaceae Legume Baptisia viridis Larisey




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