Friday, January 1, 2016

Pollinator Habitats


Planning Ideas for Pollinator Habitats Zone 6

An apple orchard, in USDA Hardiness Zone 6, has a wide array of plant families that bloom throughout the year, providing food for the bees and increasing pollination in the orchard.

Many orchards reserve acreage for desirable pollen producing plants to create a pollinator habitat. This habitat welcomes pollinators and provides a consistent source of food throughout the active seasons. This not only insures pollination but tends to increase pollination and productivity in the orchard.

Texas Sage (Salvia coccinea)
Pollinator Habitat Plants USDA Hardiness Zone 6 Michigan
Nodding onion or lady's leekAllium cernum(Amaryllis family)
Dill BouquetAnethum graveolens(Celery, carrot or parsley family)
Golden AlexandersZizia aurea(Celery, carrot or parsley family)
Purplestem angelicaAngelica atropurpurea(Celery, carrot or parsley family)
Laceleaf TickseedCoreopsis lanceolata L.(Aster Family)
Michaelmas Daisy or New England AsterSymphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.), formerly Aster novae-angliae L.(Aster Family)
Rough Blazing StarLiatris aspera(Aster Family)
Yellow Coneflower, Pinnate Prairie ConeflowerRatibida pinnata (Vent.) Barnhart(Aster Family)
Missouri IronweedVernonia missurica(Aster Family)
Riddellii's GoldenrodSolidago riddellii(Aster Family)
Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, CranesbillGeranium maculatum L.(Geranium Family)
Bee balm or Wild bergamotMonarda fistulosa(Mint Family)
Yellow Giant HyssopAgastache nepetoides(Mint Family)
Texas sageSalvia coccinea(Mint Family)
Beaumont's Culver's Root, Virginia Culver's RootLeptandra virginica, Veronica virginica(Plantain Family), (Figwort Family (Scrophulariaceae))
ThimbleweedAnemone virginiana(Buttercup or crowfoot family)
Shrubby cinquefoilPotentilla fruticosa(Rose Family)
Wild strawberryFragaria virginiana(Rose Family)
MeadowsweetSpiraea alba(Rose Family)
Purple-Throated MulleinVerbascum chaixii(Fgwort family)
Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtonguePenstemon hirsutus (L.) Willd.(Figwort Family)

Michaelmas Daisy (Aster novae-angliae)

Riddellii's Goldenrod (Solidago riddellii)

Thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

Dill Bouquet (Anethum graveolens) 

Planning Ideas for Pollinator Habitats Zone 7

A meadow or prairie is populated with grasses and shrubby plants.
The etymology of the word "prairie" is French from Latin and the english equivalent is meadow.

Horse Nettle, Solanum 

Grasses and Forbs Growing in the Texas Blackland  Prairie

The horse nettles are members of the nightshade family.  A distinguishing characteristic of all horse nettles are prominent, bright yellow stamens. Confused with horse nettle sometimes, are purple ground-cherry (Quincula lobata). It is a purple flowered Nightshade member and very similar in appearance.

Horse Nettle flower

Horse Nettle fruit

Texas ecoregions.png
Texas Blackland Prairie (area 32 on the map)

 A member of the Gentian family

Purple Prairie Verbena

Indian Blanket (Gaillardia pulchella)


Pincushion Flower

Similar flower in appearance, native Dalea feayi
Feay's prairie clover, Globe-headed Prairie Clover

Texas frogfruit

Indian Paintbrush


Preserved Prairie Locations by County in Texas
Bowie CountyMary Talbot Prairie
Collin CountyPeters Prairie
Falls CountyDrews Prairie
Falls CountyLehmann Prairie
Falls CountyMezynski Prairie
Falls CountyNelson L. Wieting Prairie
Falls CountyRiesel Prairie
Franklin CountyDaphne Prairie
Harris CountyDeer Park Prairie
Hunt CountyClymer Meadows
Lee CountyTanglewood Prairie
McLennan CountySimpson Prairie
Mitchell CountyMaddin Prairie Preserve
San Jacinto CountyRussell Grasslands and Forest Preserves
Wood CountyEdmoore Creek

Pollinator Habitat Native Plants USDA Hardiness Zone 7 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas

Family Botanical Name Common Name Height Color Season
Aspargus Manfreda sileri Siler's tuberose
Broomrapes Agalinis heterophylla Prairie foxglove
Mint Agastache mexicana Mexican giant hyssop
Mint Agastache pallidiflora Rose Mint' giant hyssop
Mint Salvia darcyi x S. microphylla 'Silke's Dream' Silke's Dream salvia
Mint Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf sage
Plantain Penstemon baccharifolius Rock penstemon
Plantain Penstemon cobaea Foxglove penstemon
Plantain Penstemon tenuis Gulf Coast penstemon 
Verbena Lantana Lantana

Planning Ideas for Pollinator Habitats Zone 10

The San Diego Zoo supports a healthy habitat for pollinators. 

Pollinator Habitat 
Hot Pink Trumpet Shaped Flowers

Pollinator Habitat includes Lantana

Butterfly bush, Buddleia

Milkweed and a Monarch

Pollinator Habitat Native Plants USDA Hardiness Zone 10    (Southern California)                                                                                                                                

FamilyBotanical NameCommon NameHeightColorSeason
AsterAchillea millefolium Yarrow 6" x 3' Varies April-August
AsterEncelia californica Coast Sunflower 3x5'YellowFeb-June
AsterErigeron glaucus Seaside Daisy 2x2' Pale Blue Jan-August
AsterLeptosyne gigantea Giant Coreopsis To 4' YellowJan-May
CleomePeritoma arborea Bladderpod 3x4' Yellow Nov-June
DogbaneAsclepias fascicularis Narrowleaf Milkweed 2x2' White/Pink May-Sept
FigwortPenstemon heterophullusFoothill Penstemon2 x 3' Blue/Red/PurpleYr Round
HoneysuckleLonicera subspicata Southern Honeysuckle Vine Yellow May-August
IrisSisyrinchium bellumBlue Eyed Grass 1+-2' BlueMarch-May
KnotweedEriogonum rubescens Channel Island Buckwheat Varies PinkSummer
LopseedDiplacus aurantiacus Sticky Monkey Flower 2' x 3' OrangeMay-August
MintsSalvia apiana White Sage 4x6' WhiteApril-July
MintsSalvia spathacea Hummingbird Sage 1x3' RedFeb-July
MintsTrichostema lanatum Woolly Blue Curls 3' x 3' Violet May-August
PoppyEschshoizia californicaCalifornia Poppy 1x1' Orange/YellowApril-July
StonecropDudleya edulis Ladyfingers 1x1' White/Pink May-July
StonecropDudleya pulverulenta Chalk Dudleya 1x1' RedMay-July

Throughout the zoo additional colorful trees and plants capture attention.

Red Powder Puff  (Calliandra haematocephala)

Hong Kong Orchid 
Pink Orchid Tree (Bauhinia monanda) is a tropical tree to 20' and known for its lobed leaves and 5" pink orchid-like flowers with overlapping petals. 
Butterfly Tree (Bauhinia purpurea) Native to South China zone 9-10.

Pollinator Conservation Resource Center

©  Grassroots Horticulture
2014 - 2016